With the power shift in the state legislature, I’m looking forward to the legislative session with a teeny tiny bit of hope and a whole lot of apprehension. My apprehension level rose precipitously yesterday when I read my new state senator’s tweet (@KevinDahle) that he’d been meeting with a district mayor as part of working to increase local government aid. Oh dear, Senator Dahle, but that’s starting at the wrong end of the policy process and so early in the session, too.
Dear Senator Dahle,
A very nice deck chair from the Titanic
Congratulations on your election and the start of the new session! As a recovering local government official, I know that the state legislature has a great influence on how cities can do their business. I write today to offer a few ideas about how the state could help rather than hinder local governments. I encourage you (indeed my support in any future election depends on it) to look at the larger, longer term policy picture rather rearranging the deck chairs on the titanic ship of the state of Minnesota.
More than 20 years ago, the Citizens’ League published Remaking the Minnesota Miracle which studied the state/local fiscal system to determine what “realigning of responsibilities and revenue raising authority would have to occur” to finance state and local services and increase accountability. Although the specific recommendations are interesting (the report calls for eliminating LGA), I hope you’ll consider the 4 principles for evaluating the fiscal system which seem very relevant and not time-bound:
Accountability: Responsibility for services should be assigned to the entity that is accountable to the electorate, the recipient of the service, and the governmental unit or persons paying for the service
Effectiveness: Responsibility for services should be assigned to the entity, public or private, that gets the job done well and measures for results.
Economy: Responsibility for services should be assigned to the entity, public or private, that can supply the service at the lowest possible cost. For instance, in developed areas, water treatment and sewage facilities can be provided less expensively on a regional basis than on an individual city basis.
Equity: Responsibility for services should be assigned to the entities that can finance the service equitably and ensure equity in the delivery of services to all persons.
Certainly, almost any proposal will address some of these values strongly and others more tentatively or will demonstrate the tension between values. Equity or accountability might strain economy, for example. Still, these values can help think about what level of government or what private entity is best situated to deliver or fund services and, as a result, where decision-making control should reside.
I hope you have received a copy of the Property Tax working group’s report which also addresses what property taxes are intended to fund and to disentangle state control from local functions. The history of the development of the property tax in Minnesota is well worth reading as “You may ask yourself, well, how did I get here?”
Finally, consider how other regulation affects the tax picture and how the state legislature can incentivize better spending strategies and foster innovation at the local level.
- The “grow our way to prosperity” model must be reexamined to allow cities, counties and the state to maximize their existing investment in infrastructure rather than expanding infrastructure (and the obligation to maintain it) in the hope of attracting enough new business to pay for the existing system. There is a burgeoning amount of data showing the cost of this strategy to local and state government.
- Consider school siting philosophies which demand open space and favor new schools rather than renovation also make it harder for children to walk to school (adding busing costs and congestion).
- Think about how state government, with its larger scope, can help local entities work collaboratively (especially those outside the Metro Council’s jurisdiction) to deliver services efficiently and economically rather than pitting them against each other or forcing a sort of local protectionism. We need to be able to develop shared solutions for transportation, land use, resource protection, and service delivery.
- Transportation and infrastructure spending is a big deal at all levels of government. Land use, environmental regulation, public health and quality of life are deeply intertwined with transportation policy; please try to see the whole landscape to make policy which helps local and state government invest wisely, support productive growth patterns, and build places where we want to live, work and invest time and effort.
Thanks for reading and I await your updates and other news of what’s happening in St. Paul. I’m counting on your leadership to help develop policies which benefit all Minnesotans for the long term, not just the ones yelling at you right now. Of course, I also know that change happens incrementally as you work to build support and make compromises (and that’s just within the DFL), but I am looking for the conversation to shift away from reactive government to thoughtful, sustainable policy-making. Good luck!